Introduction of Nepal
is a landlocked country with a total land area of 1,47,181 sq. km. It lies between 26o 22' N - 30o
27' N latitude and 80o 4' E - 88o 12' E longitude. Roughly rectangular in shape, the land extends approximately 885km east to west and 145km north to south. The country is bordered by China to the north and India in the south, west, and east.
The land mass is divided into three geographical zones. The snow-capped high Himalayas; the Mountainous region with long terraced slopes leading to fertile valleys and the flat sub-tropical Terai region. The high Himalayan region extends in the north from the west to east at an altitude of 4,000 m. to 8,848m. The world's highest and famous peak Mt. Everest (8848m), Mt. Kanchenjunga (8586m), Mt. Makalu (8463m), Mt. Dhaulagiri (8167m), Mt. Annapurna (8091m) and many others dominate the formidable range of Mahabharata varying in height from 1525m. to 4877m. Below these ranges lies the Churia range at 610m. to 1524m. Fertile valleys of various width and altitude lie between these mountains and hill ranges. The southern belt stretches east to west by a width of 26 to 32km. and a maximum elevation of about 305m.